The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by Dr. Howard suggests that the traditional idea of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited.
It differentiates our intelligence into the primary attributes we possess.
The theory may help us figure out how to succeed in learning and life.
All people have varying levels of aptitude in each of the multiple intelligences.
Which is your dominating intelligence?
Logical-Reasoning careers: Scientists, computer programmers, inventors
To cultivate Logical-Reasoning intelligence: Play logic and pattern games like Sudoku, organize a collection, develop and prove a hypothesis, find the pattern in a poem
Famous people with Logical-Reasoning intelligence: Nicola Tesla, Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates
To cultivate Verbal-Linguistic intelligence: Write in a journal, play word games (like Scrabble and crossword puzzles), read more books, and debate issues more often
Verbal-Linguistic careers: Writers, public speakers, lawyers
Famous people with Verbal-Linguistic intelligence: JK Rowling, Barack Obama, Martin Luther King Jr, and Junot Diaz
Visual-Spatial careers: Architect, computer scientist, designer
To cultivate Visual-Spatial intelligence: Take a photography or drawing class, draw mind maps of your plans or ideas, do puzzles and mazes for fun
Famous people with Visual-Spatial intelligence: Galileo Galilei, Salvador Dali, and Steve Jobs
Bodily-Kinesthetic careers: Dancer, actor, construction worker, sculptor
To cultivate Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence: Physical activities, manipulate objects, using fine and gross motor skills, build things
Famous people with Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence: Michael Jordan, Michael Jackson, Mary Lou Retton
Auditory-Musical careers: Composer, DJ, Band Director, Singer
To cultivate Auditory-Musical intelligence: Listen to music while studying, connect music to a lesson, write a short song
Famous people with Auditory-Musical intelligence: Mozart, Yo-Yo Ma, Alicia Keys
Interpersonal careers: Politician, teacher, social worker, counselor
To cultivate Interpersonal intelligence: Engage in group activities, volunteer for community service, teach a class or a friend something
Famous people with existential intelligence: Oprah Winfrey, Dr. Phill, Mother Teresa
Interpersonal careers: Psychologist, poet, therapist
To cultivate Intrapersonal intelligence: Keep a daily journal, read self-help books, imagine yourself in other people’s shoes
Famous people with existential intelligence: Anne Frank, Aristotle, Ghandi, Hellen Keller
Naturalistic careers: Zookeeper, veterinarian, conservationist
To cultivate Naturalistic intelligence: Keep a nature journal, start a small garden, go outside for everyday activities, take care of a pet
Famous people with existential intelligence: Steve Irwin (“The Crocodile Hunter”), Jane Goodall, Gregor Mendel
*US scholars have been hesitant to include this intelligence in the context of child education, in an effort to avoid mixing church with state.
Interpersonal careers: Shaman, yogi, clergyman, psychic, philospher
To cultivate existential intelligence: practice meditation, write down some “big” questions and write down the answers that come to you
Famous people with existential intelligence: Buddha, Lao Tzu, Joan of Arc, Simone de Beauvoir.